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Cataract Surgery: Procedure, Basics, and Recovery



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Cataract Surgery: After the age of 50, most of us hear our eye doctor say, “You have cataracts.”

Cataract is the cloud of the lens inside the eye that causes vision loss, which does not correct the cornea refractive surgeries such as glasses, contact lenses or LASIK.

As bad as cataract may be, modern cataract surgery can usually restore the lost vision to the cataract – and often even reduce your dependence on eyeglasses.

Most cataracts are associated with the aging process and are common in older Americans. In fact, according to the National Eye Institute (NEI), 68.3 percent of Americans 80 and older have cataracts in 2010.

Cataract prevalence in the US is expected to increase significantly in the coming years due to population aging. According to the NEI, in 2010, approximately 24.4 million Americans had cataracts, and by 2050 the number is expected to grow to 50.2 million.

Thankfully, modern cataract surgery is one of the safest and most effective surgical procedures today.

More than 3 million cataract surgeries are performed each year in the United States, and many of these procedures yield excellent visual results.

The Basics of Cataract Surgery Measurements

Technicians play an invaluable role in eye care. In addition to performing eye examinations and measurements, the technician is also a detective, learning to get the key points of the patient’s history and asking additional questions when the puzzle pieces fit a lot.


One of the most important tests performed by a technician is cataract surgery eye measurements used to determine the intraocular lens (IOL) strength. Although the current measurement technology is sophisticated, it is important for the technician to understand the principles behind these measurements and ask questions if the measurement is not understood.

During cataract surgery, the natural lens of the eye is removed and an artificial IOL is placed in its place. The natural lens is part of the eye focus system. The cornea is the primary refraction of light, which accounts for two-thirds of the eye’s concentrated energy. The lens provides one-third of the remaining power, or 20.00D.

Laser Eye Surgery For Cataracts

Cataracts are the flakes of proteins that form on the surface of the lens. The natural development of cataract aging. The likelihood of developing one or more cataracts increases after the age of 40. And about half of the population, aged 80 or older have experienced cataracts. It is also possible to develop cataracts as a result of certain medical conditions.

There are two methods of treating cataract: conventional (manual) surgery and laser eye surgery. Laser treatments are popular, but they are generally not covered by most health insurance plans. Additionally, they are usually faster and safer than manual surgery for cataracts, and the recovery period is almost the same.

Prepare Before Cataract Surgery

The first thing you need to do is cataract screening that you trust with an eye doctor. Cataract screening is the first step in preparing for your procedure. During your cataract exam, you will receive a comprehensive eye exam and review your medical history.

It is time to discuss whether you have a history of diabetes, high blood pressure. Other factors that affect the surgery. Your eye doctor will also assess the overall health of your eyes. And how much your cataract has improved during your cataract screening appointment.

In most cases, patients do not need immediate cataract surgery. In fact, most cataract surgeons perform cataract surgery, if the cataract affects your lifestyle or makes it difficult to complete daily activities such as driving, reading, or completing work-related tasks.

If you reach this stage, your cataract surgeon will discuss the next steps and when your procedure will be determined.

Precautions for Cataract Surgery Recovery

On your way out of the hospital, your eye pad and plastic armor may be removed, usually after surgery.

Your eye should start returning within a few hours after surgery, but it may take several days for your eyesight to fully recover.

Copyright by My Doctor – Kaiser Permanente

This is common:

  • crispness
  • Water
  • Blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Red or blood eye
  • These side effects usually improve within a few days but may take 4 to 6 weeks for a full recovery.

If you need new glasses, you cannot order them until your eye is completely healed – usually after 6 weeks.

Cataract surgery has a high success rate in improving your vision and should allow you to return to normal activities such as driving.

Dos And Don’ts (For the first few weeks after surgery)


  • Use your eye drops as per instructions
  • Take it easy for the first 2 to 3 days
  • Use your eye shield at night for at least a week
  • Take painkillers if you need them
  • Bathe or bathe as usual
  • Wear your eye shield to wash your hair
  • Read, watch TV and use a computer
  • Use your armor, old mirrors or sunglasses outside
  • Avoid swimming for 4 to 6 weeks


  • Rub your eye
  • Allow soap or shampoo in your eye
  • Drive until you are clear with your doctor
  • Do any strenuous exercise or homework
  • Wear eye makeup for at least 4 weeks
  • Fly without consulting your doctor

Until your vision returns, you can make arrangements to help take care of one another, especially if your other eye is poorly focused. (…More Reading)




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